Initiate a discussion on catcalling. Create a safe space for victims to address and share incidents.
Humanity has made great strides in the 21st century in regard to many social issues, including gender equality. Along these lines, Konstantinos Koukos was inspired by online movements in New York and London against catcalling on city streets. He found that societal awareness around the issue was largely non-existent in his native Athens, which he considered deeply problematic. Catcalling is defined as behavior in which people (mostly women) receive unwanted whistles or comments of a sexual nature and serve to objectify the body. Konstantinos believes that worse forms of street harassment can escalate from catcalling, such as women being followed home. Even though catcalling itself is seemingly harmless, it is so rampant that he believes it is an issue that needs to be addressed much more than it currently is addressed.
After becoming a Fellow in the 2017 Humanity in Action John Lewis Fellowship in Atlanta, he, along with his co-fellow Mairy Markaki, had a game plan to address this issue back in Athens. Upon their return, they turned this endeavor into their Action Project. Konstantinos’ and Mairy’s objective was simple. Fundamentally, they wanted to understand this phenomenon in relation to Athenian culture in which, according to Konstantinos, ‘macho behaviors’ such as catcalling are almost expected of men in order to prove their masculinity. Additionally, they wanted to put themselves in the shoes of victims and offer a safe space where they could address questions and discuss ways of coping.
“I feel I am treated like a piece of meat when I get catcalled” (Catcalling Victim)
The most substantial, yet surprising, obstacle in communicating with victims was a linguistic one. The Greek language apparently lacks a term synonymous to catcalling and its socially negative connotations. When speaking with victims, Mairy and Konstantinos had to either use the English word or simply clarify the meaning. Perhaps Greek lacks a word for it because catcalling has traditionally been so deeply rooted in the Greek society as a way of flirting. This cultural norm may also contribute to how men seem oblivious about how their behavior is unwanted from the women on the receiving end.
Once they overcame linguistic barrier, they found that the women quickly opened up. Due to the social stigma around catcalling, these women had long repressed their opinions and negative emotions associated with it, which in some cases caused them (psychological) trauma. Another issue these women faced is that they had no one to talk to about their catcalling incidents. Additionally, because of societal pressure, they were often led to believe that it was their own fault for calling too much attention to themselves by ‘dressing or acting too provocatively.’
Overall, Mairy and Konstantinos believe their project is just the beginning: simply raising awareness in Athens about this pervasive social issue. However, they also realized that introducing a space where the victims could speak freely about their experiences and unload the emotional burden that comes with them was extremely beneficial to the women. Other Humanity in Action Senior Fellows in Athens found out about the project and actively supported it, which helped to facilitate the process. Still, Mairy and Konstantinos believe there is much room for improvement. They applaud cities like Paris for making catcalling a punishable offense with a fine of up to 300 EUR. They believe this is something Athens could learn from in the future.
At last, before such legal reforms on catcalling can be introduced, there is much work to be done in Athens to further raise awareness on the issue. Women need to understand that they are the victims, and that being subject to this behavior is not their fault. They should be made feel more comfortable in openly talking to loved ones and professionals about catcalling incidents. This should help raise awareness in society and stop perpetrators from continuing to catcall.
Mairi and Konstantinos were interviewed by Popaganda, an online multimedia magazine focused on Athens. In the article (in Greek only), they discuss the outcomes of their Action Project.